A container price must have specific control settings and loading procedures in order to assure that cargo will survive shipping with full safety of the goods to avoid spoilage. Without the right techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations with regards to size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and kind of refrigeration method. Here’s a list of settings requirements and loading procedures to help assure transport is going to be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for your optimum conditions of the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) includes fruits and vegetables, and another forty percent includes meats and fish. Each type has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set either for fresh cargo having to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, which is, the airflow rate with the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) hourly. Ventilation is usually from the foot of the reefer to the top. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and thru packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo needs to be closed, that is certainly, just across the cargo.
3. Set humidity control for maximum conditions based on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo should be secured in order that, once loaded, it will not move during shipment. Loaded cargo must not violate the utmost red-load line, which establishes the utmost height of cargo inside the reefer container manufacturer, to enable proper airflow go back to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow must not be restricted looking at the proper flow around and thru the cargo. This may depend on the kind of cargo and whether it is chilled or frozen. However, if there are significant gaps across the cargo, or excessively large chimneys in between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and reduce proper airflow where it is needed to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor price continues to be properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without need to open it anytime from the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A properly loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and repair of goods from beginning to end of the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are often called reefers. A reefer is defined as “a refrigerator (especially one large enough to become walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a vital role in global trade. They enable companies to ship items like fruits, vegetables, dairy products along with other items requiring refrigeration when in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped in the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels necessary for the merchandise they are transporting. Reefer containers are generally fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly with the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specifically created to permit the transport of individual refrigerated container units plus they are usually found in special regions of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and some reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make sure perishable cargo is not really spoiled due to a refrigeration unit going bad.